Growing berries is a lot easier when you know the type of fertilizer to apply to your plant. In this article, you will find out how to choose the best blueberry fertilizer. We will be looking at some of the things you need to know before you apply any fertilizer on your berry garden.
It doesn’t matter if you are an established berry farmer or you are just starting out a new blueberry garden, you will find the information in this article to be quite useful. Let’s jump right in.
Blueberry Fertilizer: Growing Blueberries
You can grow fresh blueberries in a pot or in your garden without much stress. When planting blueberries, it is important that you make use of soil that is resistant to diseases and pests. This you can easily do by making use of fertilizers that are equally good at deterring pests and diseases.
Planting blueberries are also a great way to beautify your backyard as they are attractive when they reach maturity. It is important that you know the different types of blueberries as this will help you when it’s time to select a suitable fertilizer. The four types of blueberries include the
- High bush
- Low bush
- Hybrid half-high
Of the four types listed above, the high bush is the most common breed you can find around. Young blueberry plants between the ages of 12 and 36months are suitable for planting. This means that you will likely need to transplant them into your garden when you purchase them in nursery containers. The best time to plant blueberries is usually in the spring.
When using containers for your blueberries, you will need to make small holes for drainage and endeavor to water the plant regularly. Also, make sure that there are enough sunlight and proper ventilation to encourage healthy growth. Once you can get the planting requirements in order, it becomes easy to use fertilizers to support plant growth.
The three popular varieties of blueberries are a top hat, pink lemonade, and pink champagne. The pink varieties of blueberries are considered to be sweeter than the blue ones but both varieties are packed with antioxidants that are beneficial to the body.
As a blueberry farmer, it is important that you know that one of the major problems you will encounter in your garden is the invasion of birds. This is because hungry birds love to snack on blueberries; this is why you want to take preventive measures against birds as soon as possible. You can install a draping net to keep birds away from your bushes by simply placing them over your plants.
Once your bushes are older than 48 months, you will need to prune them regularly to encourage the growth of new shoots. The best time to prune your blueberries is before the beginning of the growing season which is in early spring or late winter.
The major pests and diseases of blueberries are birds, blueberry maggot, and powdery mildew.
The Best Blueberry Fertilizer
To ensure the healthy growth of your berry bushes, you will need to apply fertilizers regularly. Plants need the right amount of water, sunlight, alarmed nutrients to grow tasty fruits. And as a responsible farmer, it is your duty to make sure that everything is made available. Even when you do find the right fertilizer for your blueberries, you need to also make sure that you apply them at the right time.
When selecting fertilizers to use on your berry bushes, you need to check that they are rich in Nitrogen as well as ammonium. They also need to contain ammonium sulfate, urea, and sulfur coated urea. The rule is that blueberries are adaptable in soils with high acid content so you want to ensure that you use a high acid fertilizer to balance things out.
When choosing fertilizers with nitrogen for your blueberries, you want to ensure that you avoid those with nitrates like chloride and calcium nitrate. This is because nitrates have the potential to kill blueberry plants.
Blueberries also suffer from iron and magnesium deficiency. A good way to know your plant is deficient in these minerals is when the leaves turn yellow or reddish yellow in color. You can remedy the situation by applying fertilizers that are rich in these nutrients.
Blueberry Fertilizer: Choosing an Organic Fertilizer for Blueberries
It is always best that you avoid fertilizers with toxic chemicals that could harm your plants and the environment. This is why we always advise you use organic fertilizers on your plants. The best organic fertilizers for blueberries include
Bone and fish meal are a good way to provide your blueberries with nitrogen. Adding coffee grounds or Sphagnum peat to your berries is a good way to provide acidity to your plant soil. While the powdered seaweed is rich in potassium and phosphorus which are nutrients your blueberry needs to grow healthily.
Best Fertilizer Application Method for Blueberries
Having mentioned that the best time to apply fertilizers to your blueberries is in early spring or late winter, you also need to know the best method of application to guarantee the best results. You need to apply fertilizers at the periods of plant growth and fruiting. The best way to apply your fertilizer is in small amounts applied at three separate times.
The first application should be done as soon as you notice new growth which is usually in early spring. Use small amounts of fertilizer and repeat the fertilizer application 6 weeks later after the first application. The final application will need to be done in late June or early July just after harvesting the fruits.
You should remember to apply just the right amount of fertilizer on your plant. Too much can be detrimental to your plants’ health. For example, too much nitrogen application on your blueberries can lead to excessive growth and branching which could hinder fruit production.
When it comes to choosing the best fertilizer for blueberries, you need to be on the lookout for the nitrogen content. Also, organic fertilizers are a much better option than chemical-based fertilizers. Bone meals and fish meals are a good organic source of nitrogen for your blueberries. And the best time to apply fertilizers is in early spring and late winter.
How often do you use fertilizers on your blueberries and how much do you use? We will like to hear from you in the comment section.