If you live in the Mediterranean climate, your region is likely suitable for growing palms, but how long does it take palm trees to grow.
Whether it’s the small Areca type (Areca triandra) that reaches only 15 feet in zones 10 and 11 or the tall, Montgomery Palm (Veitchia montgomeryana) that can reach 100 feet tall in zones 9 to 11, nothing spells beach life like a palm tree.
These trees are largely known for their distinguished foliage swaying in the breeze, their dates, and coconuts. Most palm trees growing outdoors produces flowers. These flowers grow in clusters under the leaves but they are small and insignificant.
How Long Does It Take To Grow A Palm Tree?
Once you know how long it takes to grow a palm tree, you will look forward to having a healthy growing palm tree in your home.
Each species has its own rate of growth. Let’s look at different species and their growth rate and size.
King Palm is a rapid-growing palm! It thrives in good soil that has lots of moisture and nutrition. King Palm grows at a rate of at least 2-feet per year. However, it is noted it grows a little bit slower than Queen Palm. The growth rate for this palm can be increased by growing it where it gets a small amount of shade. The sun will help it to grow faster.
This palm thrives in USDA zones 9-11 and grows at a rate of 2-feet per year. It will grow up to 25-feet in approximately 10-years. You can consider this growth to be a high speed of growth.
European Fan Palm
The Mediterranean Palm or European Fan Palm trees are slow growers. They grow around 6-inches per year reaching full maturity of 20-feet in height at a very slow pace. They are popular due to their beautiful fronds and bark. The Mediterranean palms are an excellent addition to many residential landscapes. They do not overpower the landscape’s visual presentation.
Mexican Fan Palm
The Mexican Fan Palm tree is a fast-growing tree than other palm trees. It is one of Arizona’s common palm trees that grow as high as 70 to 100-feet. They are taller than most residential yards can handle. Under normal circumstances, the Mexican Fan Palm tree grows as much as 4-feet per year. Because of their rapid growth and drastic heights, this type is popular for public parks and commercial uses.
This fast-growing palm tree grows up to 2 to 3-feet per year under normal conditions. They reach a height of 30-feet within a 10-year period. It is a good option for those seeking a rapid-growing palm for shading. This palm tree has a deep root stem feature that helps it withstand drought conditions.
General 4 To 50 Years
Generally looking at different species, palms take up between 4 to 50 years. Some plants like the Corypha palm (Corypha utan) do not flower up to 40 or 50 years. Once they do, they die soon after the flowers mature into fruit.
The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) thrives in USDA 10b and 11 but is easily killed by frost. It produces flowers 4 to 6 years after starting its growth.
The Sago palm (Cycas revoluta) does well in USDA 8 to 10, but it is not botanically a palm tree and does not produce flowers.
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What Is The Life Cycle Of Growing Palm Trees?
The palm trees’ growth cycle comprises multiple stages. Here, we take a closer look at them.
Germination is the stage your palm tree begins to develop its roots. Not all palm trees have the same germination process. There are two processes. The first one is remote growth. During this process, you will find small sprouts from the plant even before the roots start sprouting.
The second process is adjacent sprouting. Here, the leaf partially emerges right through the seed. The root system follows later with the plant growing from the area that the leaf is already growing.
Vertical And Calliper Growth
The germination process is the most difficult one in your plant’s life cycle. Once a leaf or a shoot sprouts from the plant, you can start expecting it to start growing tall over the next couple of years. This growth is also known as Vertical Growth. During this stage, position the leaves in a way that they go upward. As they grow, the dried and dead leaves will fall out from their thick trunk.
As the vertical growth happens, you can also expect caliper growth to occur too. If you are looking to keep your plant steady and high, you will require some tissue widening techniques. The tree starts to widen with age and the growth of its caliper will never cease.
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As the palm tree begins to mature, it will bloom during the warm, summer months. Palms do bear flowers; however, these flowers are not as stunning as you would see in other trees.
Palm tree flowers are tiny, and you cannot even see them from a short distance in some situations. These flowers grow in clusters and are whitish in color.
Palm trees do not bear flowers annually; some species may only bloom once in their lifespan. Others produce annual flowers that have the shape of fruits.
Palm trees rely on local pollinators for their fruition. Some of them like bees or bats move the pollen from multiple trees around. This way, your flowers eventually take the shape of the fruit.
The palm fruits tend to thrive in tiny clusters just like their flowers. You can immediately harvest your fruits after the ripening process. If you don’t, the animals in your local area end up eating them.
When the palm trees reach the end of their growth period, their fronds and the calipers start to die. Your palms may also die faster if they are under stress. They may also die from natural disasters. After their death, you can replace them with a new tree or another palm and start the cycle all over again.
Palm Trees Growth Conclusion
How fast does a palm tree grows must be understood as per species journey and we cannot give the same timeline to all palm trees.
However, we have understood the basics of the growth of this tree making it easy to grow.