Irises are the easiest perennial flowers to grow and they bloom early but when do irises bloom for real – the exact month or season? They stem from a rhizome and multiply quickly over the years producing wider and bigger stands that have appealing blooms. They have over 300 species that are hardy throughout the US with the ability to adapt to various soil and sun conditions.
By growing different types of irises, you can have them bloom from early spring into the summer. Add a repeat blooming bearded irises, you will get to enjoy blooms in late summer and early fall. Iris is a great plant for any gardener and they have a place in the hearts of many Americans.
When Do Iris Bloom?
There are hundreds of bearded rebloomers registered with the American Iris Society in the past few years. Many are all-season bloomers while some bloom in different seasons.
Gardeners who are interested in late-blooming irises can plant varieties that bloom from early spring to early summer.
Some Japanese Irises and Siberian Irises bloom mid-spring to early summer. The beardless Southern blue flags bloom into early summer.
Once you have a full garden of bearded irises and bloom, you will experience something magical.
Iris bloom time starts in March in some regions and can go on until almost the end of June. Some other types rebloom late summer and fall.
The hardy perennials of it are plants that thrive in USDA zones 3-9 that offer winter temperatures below freezing thus enabling the plant to enter the dormant stage before the next year’s outburst.
How Many Times Do Irises Bloom Per Year?
There are two or more varieties of iris that bloom a couple of times per year. If you notice gardens blooming throughout the year, they have several varieties that extend the bloom in different periods of the year.
The irises will bloom well if you plant them in well-drained moist soils for bearded irises to water-logged where you find Japanese irises. Most irises such as the miniature bulbous irises, Siberian irises need moist soils and good drainage to thrive. They also need full sun and even light shade.
After the first bloom, feed your irises with an extra feeding of fertilizer and water adequately. Deadheading your spent flowers can encourage repeat bloom (re-blooming).
Why If My Irises Do Not Bloom?
Sometimes it is true irises may not bloom at all. Bearded, Asian, classic, or designer, these flowers are a beauty to grow in your garden. They provide a long-term display of tall, glorious sword-like leaves and boldly featured blooms.
So what happens when they don’t bloom? When irises don’t bloom, they only produce the beautiful foliage but the long-awaited flowers refuse to appear. This is frustrating for any farmer because you were all looking forward to beautiful flowers. Frustrating as it is, you ought to get down to business and work towards getting a boom next season.
Reasons For Irises Not Blooming
Poor Rhizomes Or Bulbs – They could be rotten, mushy, small, or under-formed.
Stunted Plants – these do not produce any blooms or if they do, they produce small blooms.
Planting In Shady Areas – Irises need full sun to bloom, if they grow in fully shaded areas, they will not bloom.
Dead Plants – This may come from overwatering or poor rhizomes
Poor Soil – If your soil is not well-draining and is not fertile it might cause infertility to the plants. Check your soil to see if the pH and fertility are consistent with the ideal pH of 6.8 with average nitrogen levels and sufficient phosphorous.
Overcrowding – If you grow your iris plants too close to each other they will not bloom because they will share the nutrients until there is none to support the bloom. Dig up the overcrowded clumps and plant each rhizome individually with enough nutrients. Transplant your rhizomes frequently to avoid overcrowding.
Late Freezing – Although irises tolerate very cold temperatures, if they do not sprout at the right time, or if the early leaves and stems succumb to freezing the plant will not bloom. Freezes experienced by plants 6 to 8 weeks before bloom will abort the buds and stop the blooming.
Insects and diseases are rarely a problem only if you compromise the health of the buds. But if you take good care of them you will have healthy bloom at the right time.
Iris Bloom Season Conclusion
Now that we know when do irises bloom and what makes them not bloom you have a better idea of how to grow these beautiful flowers?