Petunias are among the most popular summer bedding plants but are petunias annuals or perennials?
These compact, bushy petunia plants are perfect for growing in beds and borders. The trailing types brighten up the patios with hanging baskets and flow down the edges of pots.
They flower from early summer until the first severe frosts of autumn begin to fall. Their massive flowers produce lots of color for gardens.
Petunias have many varieties featuring.
- A wide choice of colors
- Single and double blooms
- Ruffled or smooth petals
- Solid single, veined, striped, or picotee-edged colors
- Different fragrance
Are Petunias Annuals Or Perennials
Knowing if these flowers are annuals or perennials helps you understand their needs when growing them in your garden.
Although some varieties like the bedding types are grown as annuals starting from seed each year, petunias are perennials. The trailing varieties like Surfinias are perennial and grow from cuttings or new plants.
Petunias grow all year round in USDA hardiness zones 10 to 11. These beautiful colored flowers grow fast and flower abundantly, making them perfect for adding color to your flower gardens, window boxes, and planters.
If they can’t grow all year round in your area, grow these beauties as annuals for dazzling spring, summer, and early fall color.
Petunias Annuals And Perennials Differences
An annual plant goes to seed after flowering and later dies. This happens in all types of climates.
In frosty areas, petunias act like annuals, dying back with the first cold snap.
Grown in a mild climate, petunias act like perennials and have the ability to grow all year round in the right environment.
They thrive in mild, frost-free winters and summers with low humidity and do not rise above 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
Most locations don’t have these specific requirements; this means petunias commonly grow as warm-season annuals.
Growing Warm-Season Annuals
Plant your petunias outdoors after the last frost date when the soil is warm enough, at least 60 degrees F in the spring.
Plant petunias either as seedlings or start from seeds. If you start them from seed, start them indoors at least 10 to 12 weeks before the spring planting date. This means during winter, start them indoors to make it in time for planting them in spring.
When planting outdoors, choose a spot that gets full sun for at least six hours a day. Use rich, well-draining soils.
If you had old petunia plants, remove them after the first frost and start planning your replanting in the spring.
Growing Perennials In The Warm Climates
In regions that are frost-free and summers tend to get too hot, plant these flowers in the fall.
These will bloom all through the winter and spring months. They will fade or burn out in the summer when the temperatures become hot up to above 90 F.
When these flowers fade and wilt during the hot summer, please remove them and get ready to replant in the fall.
Petunias grow year-round only as a true perennial in areas with cool summers and mild winters.
How To Overwinter Petunias
Petunias can be difficult to keep alive during winter. If you grow yours in pots, bring the containers indoors for the winter months. Do so only when the temperatures drop below 40 F.
If your petunias are growing in a garden, dig out the root ball in the fall before the first frost falls, and transplant them into nursery pots. Keep these indoors in bright lights through the winter. You can use natural light from a window or a grow light. Petunias die when they stop getting the sunlight they need.
Once indoors, water your petunia plants when the soil dries out only. Mist the leaves with water every other day. Keep them at room temperature above 55 F but below 90 F.
Replant the overwintered petunias outdoors in the spring.
Growing Petunias Annuals And Perennials – Planting
Choose an area that receives full sun. Petunias prefer full sun, but during hot summers, they will require some light shade.
They thrive in fertile, moist but well-drained soil. Use plenty of organic matter like well-rotted manure, garden compost, or other soil improvers. If your soil does not drain well, you can add some sandy soil to improve.
Plant your petunias in May or June after the dangerous frost season passes.
Prepare a good-sized planting hole, enough to accommodate petunias rootball. Add a layer of organic matter like the planting compost to the base of the hole and fork it in.
Place the rootball in the ready planting hole adjusting the planting depth. It would be best if you planted it at the same depth as it was originally. Mix the organic matter with the soil on top of the hole and fill it in.
The above planting process is the same if you choose to plant from a seedling.
Water the plant or the seedling well and keep watering as needful. Apply mulch to preserve moisture and keep the weeds away.
Watering – Petunias need regular watering because they have shallow root systems that tend to dry out quickly. Ensure your soil remains well-drained to avoid soggy soil that can cause root rot and yellowed foliage. Petunias growing in containers need more frequent watering, almost every day, especially in the hot weather.
Fertilizing – If you like, you can use commercial fertilizers or use organic compost throughout. To keep these flowers blooming vigorously throughout summer, apply a slow-release fertilizer or a monthly dose of liquid fertilizer. Those growing in containers require frequent fertilizing because the nutrients are washed out when watering.
Pruning and Deadheading – Pruning depends on the variety you are growing. The traditional types require the most work with frequent deadheading to prevent plants from going to seed. Deadheading occasionally will boost bloom production, creating fuller plants. If your plants start getting leggy and have small, fewer blooms, cut them back to encourage more branching and new growth.
Are petunias annuls or perennials depends on the type you are growing? We have looked at both types and how to grow and care for them.
They are among the easy to grow and maintain flowers, and you cannot resist their bloom that brightens up life both outdoors and indoors.