If you choose the best place to plant raspberries, you are assured of a bountiful harvest year after year with proper care.
Growing raspberry bushes is a fantastic way to make your jams and jellies. Raspberries are high in Vitamin C and A; they not only taste good but they are a healthy option for you as well.
They can be harvested from mid-summer through to the first day of frost. Growing raspberries bushes is easy and will reward your efforts but you need to choose the best place to grow them.
Choosing The Best Place to Plant Raspberries
- Raspberries do well in a sunny area but unlike many other fruits, they still do well in a partly shaded area. But the more sun, the more fruit you harvest.
- The best place to plant raspberries needs to have rich and well-drained soils, perfect shelter from wind, and excellent air circulation. Avoid wet areas and windy spots because raspberries do not like to stand in water for long or get dried out.
- To get a better harvest each year, add a couple of inches of compost or aged manure and water regularly.
- Do not plant your raspberries near wild berries. You risk spreading the wild berries diseases and pests to your cultivated raspberry plants
Types Of Raspberries
Ever-bearing Raspberries – also known as fall-bearing or autumn bearing produces fruits on new canes. This variety bears a fall crop and can also produce fruit the following summer.
Summer-fruiting Raspberries – these are more common and develop their fruit depending on last year’s growth. They bear only one harvest per season during summer time – June or July.
Mixing both types of berries is ideal as it maximizes your harvest. Raspberries are self-fertile thus you only need one bush to produce fruit. They are pollinated by bees and start producing fruit 1 year after planting.
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How To Grow Raspberries
- Before planting, you need to soak the roots for at least an hour or two
- Dig a hole that is big enough for the roots to spread well. If you are planting many bushes, dig a trench for easier planting.
- Keep the crown of the plant about 1 to 2 inches above the ground whether you are planting potted plants or bare root.
- Place the canes at least 18 inches apart with about 4 feet between the rows.
- Once you have planted, fill the soil back in and tamp it down with your foot.
- Cut down the planted canes to about 9 inches to encourage new growth.
- Depending on the variety you plant, you will need to come up with support to hold up the canes. A fence or trellis is a good option. If you plant using rows, put 2, 6-foot posts at the end of each row and stretch the galvanized wire between the posts. Summer fruiting raspberries will require 3 horizontal wires while the fall variety requires 2 wires.
Raspberry Bush Care
Watering: Water your plants 1 inch per week from spring until after you harvest. Regular watering is preferred over infrequent deep watering.
Mulching: To preserve soil moisture and suffocate weeds, mulch your plants. Keep a thick layer of mulch surrounding your plants at all times.
Dig up suckers: Keep your raspberries tidy by digging up any canes or suckers that grow away from the rows. If you keep them, they will draw nutrients from the main plant making them produce fewer berries. The suckers you dig up can be replanted in freshly prepared ground.
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It is advisable to prune summer-fruiting raspberries immediately after you finish picking. Cut the canes that produce berries back down to help them yield better. This variety produces berries on 2-year-old canes while 1 year old grows beside them. You should not have trouble telling which is which. The older canes have brown stems while the young ones are still green. Prune the older ones only, they are the ones that have finished fruiting.
The remaining canes are tied to the supporting wires with a garden string. Use a cane every 4 inches of wire for better support.
For fall-bearing raspberries, cut down all the canes back to the ground in late winter before the next growth begins in the spring. This variety gives fruit on canes which disappears after the first year of growth. Therefore there is no reason to keep them. Use pruning shears or mow them to the ground.
Pruning is not done during the growing season unless you want to keep your plants in a certain order.
Where To Plant Raspberries
Now that you know how to grow raspberries, go ahead and exercise your knowledge. Sometimes the best teacher is the practical application.