If you live in the United States, it is important to learn how to get rid of groundhogs for good by natural means. Groundhogs are classified as rodents being the largest member of the squirrel family.
Homeowners and farmers face the problem of groundhogs alike. They not only destroy plants and crops but also make their home on your property.
So What Exactly Are Groundhogs and Where Do They Live?
Groundhogs are also referred to as whistle pigs or woodchucks. They are a part of the six species of woodchucks and marmots that live in the United States. They invade vegetable gardens and cropland destroying and eating vegetables and landscapes.
General Habits of the Groundhogs
- They make their homes in fields, along fences, near building foundations, or at the tree bases. They leave mounds of soil at the dig sites.
- Are slow runners they hurry into their dens when they sense any danger
- Their primary predators are foxes, hawks, bobcats, coyotes, humans, and dogs.
- They are primarily active during the day and feed early in the morning
- They are strict herbivores. They eat a variety of vegetables that include beans, carrot tops, peas, soybeans, alfalfa, and grass.
- They love sunbathing when it is warm
- They enter hibernation when winter is about to start. There is a celebration day called Groundhog Day when they emerge from their hiding places.
Effective Ways of How to Get Rid of Groundhogs
Groundhogs are considered a nuisance because they cause extensive damage to farms, homes, and crop fields from their feeding and burrowing habits. As they burrow they destroy building foundations, cause electrical outages from gnawing on underground wires, and create unwanted lawns.
Though they do not come into direct contact with humans, they can carry fleas ticks and rabies in case they bite.
Natural Methods To Get Rid of Groundhogs
A fence is one the easiest natural ways to keep the groundhogs from burrowing your yard. You can use wood or metal fence with extra specifications that prevent groundhogs from scaling the fence or digging underneath. These extra specifications include:
- Digging the fence deep into the ground at least 2 feet deep
- Leave no openings between slats of wood or metal wiring
- Keep the fence straight from the ground up
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2. Introduce Food Sources
Because they are beneficial to the environment, it would be best to introduce food sources that will send them off your garden. Prepare places of feeding where the groundhogs can feed on. Give them plants that they eat like alfalfa, beet greens, basil, etc.
3. Sanitize Your Yard
Groundhogs visit your garden once they smell vegetation, especially ripe fruits. Pick ripe vegetables and fruits as soon as they ripen and rake up any pieces that have dropped or begun to rot. Also, clear your yard of any food. Seal off your trash cans to stop them from releasing any odors.
4. Use Offensive Smells
There are certain smells that groundhogs detest. Use these smells to keep them away. Some of these detestable smells include:
- Lavender – Plant them around the garden because they are offensive to the groundhogs.
- Cayenne pepper – Simply pour cayenne pepper close to the groundhog’s house
- Garlic – Crush some and spread the paste around the areas of the garden that you want the groundhogs to avoid.
- Chives, lemon, balm, basil, rosemary, thyme, and oregano are all disliked by the groundhogs.
5. Use Sonic Groundhog Repellent
Despite being a big nuisance to homeowners, it is possible to coexist with these rodents. A little patience and natural ways go a long way in keeping them away until the wildlife agency picks them up.