If you long to replicate the Spaniards’ style of filling your garden with colorful blooms, here are the perfect Spanish flower names and types. It’s interesting how flowers are an essential part of Spanish culture, just like paella, bullfights, and flamenco. They use flowers to express feelings, decorate their window sills, or celebrate.
You’ll notice how Spanish flowers are abundant in blooms with mesmerizing colors. The bold, statement colors can’t fail to catch the eye of the passerby. Read on for some Spanish flower names, types, and growing zones to turn your garden into a Mediterranean paradise this spring!
Spanish Flowers: The Beauty Of The Mediterranean
Few on our list are native Spanish flowers, while some are brought into the country centuries ago. However, they’re deeply weaved into the Spanish culture. Spain has a dry climate with occasional but short rainfalls, especially around the coastal regions.
As a result, it’s not common to see gardens full of green grass due to water shortages, but you can see wildflower beds all around the territory. Spain gets 2700 hours of sun per year, which is the same or less than most cities in the US.
Let’s check out the perfect Spanish flower names and zones.
Different Flower Names In Spanish
1. Red Carnations – Claveles Rojos
Carnations are the national flower of this country, but the red carnation holds a deeper meaning. This luscious flower is connected to religion, fight for worker’s rights, love and admiration. What flower is associated with Spain? It’s the red carnation.
Red carnations can bloom from spring to summer and release an earthy smell. Plant them in early spring, in well-draining soil, and pick a location with at least 4 hours of sunlight a day. They’re hardy and grow in USDA Hardiness zones 4 to 10.
2. Pomegranate Flower – Flor De Granada
Spaniards found beauty in the flowers preceding the juicy fruit and made them their official flower. You can find it mentioned in poetry, art, and even in the name of the city Granada. What is the famous Spanish flower? The bright orange pomegranate flower!
Pomegranate flowers bloom in late spring and self-pollinate. After 3 years, the shrub can produce fruits that ripen in early fall. It requires dry soil and 8 hours of sun. The perfect growing zones are 7 to 10.
3. Sunflowers – Girasoles
Ancient Spaniards were convinced that these beautiful flowers were made of gold! Unlike the other Spanish flower names, the Helianthus annuus name comes from the Greek words sun and flower.
Sunflowers symbolize courage, energy, and joy. Plant them in spring when temperatures rise above 50°F. Sunflowers thrive in zones 4 to 9 in a place that receives 6 to 8 hours of sun.
4. Gazania Flower – Flor de Gazania
Gazania flowers, known as the African daisies, acclimated perfectly to the dry Spanish gardens. Name after one of Aristotle’s students, Theodorus Gaza, this flower comes in various fascinating color combinations. Tigers stripe gazania is one of the most common choices.
It grows perfectly when planted after the last spring frost in zones 4 to 10. Provide the Gazanias with 5 to 6 hours of sunlight.
5. Lantana (same in Spanish)
Lantana Camara or Spanish flag lantana is a colorful shrub that grows up to 6 feet and features aromatic blooms. The lantana flowers are often classified as invasive and toxic for pets.
They thrive in well-draining acidic soil in zones 8 to 11. Lantanas love the sun, so provide them with a spot that receives 6 to 8 hours of sunlight.
6. Bougainvillea – Bugambilia
One of the hardest Spanish flower names to pronounce is the Bougainvillea. You can’t miss it; the Bougainvillea is grown all over Spain. It’s a rapidly growing vine with fuchsia-colored flowers that decorate walls and Spanish house entries.
In the US, the Bougainvillea grows in zones 9 to 11 and needs 6 hours of sun.
7. Valencia Red Rose – Rosa Roja de Valencia
Roses are among the favorite flowers in Spain, but the Valencia red rose is something special. Commonly grown in the outskirts of Valencia, this striking flower is a symbol of eternal love and passion. It’s the flower in the hair of flamenco dancers.
It grows best in zones 3 to 10 and needs 4 to 6 hours of sunlight.
8. Bluebells – Campanilla o Campanula
Bluebells are one of the most aromatic and hardiest plants. They emerge from the ground in early spring as soon as the snow disappears. The Bluebells also come in white and pink colors. The Spanish legends claim that witches hid inside the flowers during the night.
The partial or full shade will both work well for these plants. They flourish in zones 3 to 8.
9. Water Lily – Lirio Acuatico
Don’t be surprised if you find the water lily among the names of the Spanish flowers. The Mediterranean climate is ideal for this flower. You can spot the pink variety in garden fountains or park lakes.
You can even try and grow them in large pots. However, the planting process is specific and not as easy for those with a brown thumb. The best growing zones are 3 to 10. The water lily needs 6 hours of sunlight.
Final Say: Spanish Flowers Names
Bring a slight Mediterranean touch to your garden this season with the fragrant and striking Spanish flowers. If you’re indecisive, use our list of Spanish flowers names to see which ones suit your zone. There’s no simple answer to what are the Spanish flowers called? There are hundreds of flowers and we’ve picked those that hold the greatest meanings to Spain and its people.
Spaniards have a deep connection to the meaning of flowers, so if you decide to gift a plant to someone, make sure you know what it implies. Let us know what’s your favorite Spanish flower and if you already own one!
PS – Here is a related post that may be of interest. Every State has a flower and one of my favorites is the New Hampshire state flower.
What are the Spanish flowers called?
The most common Spanish flowers are the pomegranate flower, the red Carnation, Valencia red rose, Bougainvillea, Gazania, Lantana, Water Lily, Poppies, and Bluebells. They're grown all over Spain and thrive in dry but sunny conditions.
What is the famous Spanish flower?
The red carnation is Spain's national flower. It's associated with love, appreciation, and devotion. The red carnation is an inseparable part of Spanish culture. It's a mother's day gift, but it's also given to matadors, flamenco dancers, and people you value.
What flower is associated with Spain?
The pomegranate flower is associated with Spain because it's their official flower. It is represented in literature, art, and Granada's coat of arms. After all, the city got the name after the flower!